Biodiversity Nepal
For the Future Generation

How can you help wildlife

The main reason that animals and plants become extinct or threatened is because their habitat has been destroyed or changed


  1. Your voice matters! Write to your federal and provincial elected officials encouraging them to support policies that protect wildlife.
  2. Sign up for Biodiversity Nepal, which keeps you informed about urgent animal protection issues and provides quick and easy ways to get in touch with policymakers.
  3. Check out Biodiversity Nepal protection issues, and share the publications with others.


  1. Plant native species of flowers, trees, and bushes in your yard. This gives wild animals food, shelter, and a place to raise families. Learn more about creating a wildlife habitat in your yard.
  2. To attract birds to your yard, learn which native plant species are best for your location. 
  3. To attract butterflies and moths to your yard, learn which native plant species are best for your location.
  4. Reduce the amount of lawn in your yard. Lawns offer minimal food and shelter for wildlife. Try replacing part of your lawn with garden beds or native plants and flowers instead.
  5. Get crafty! Buy or build your own birdhouse or bat house. This can provide hours of fun for the whole family.
  6. No yard? No problem! Balconies and patios are great locations for container gardens.
  7. Do not use pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, or chemical fertilizers on your lawn or garden beds. These products are the leading cause of wildlife poisonings and are also toxic to companion animals.
  8. Reduce light pollution: artificial light at night has severe negative effects on wildlife. To help, only use lighting when and where it is needed, properly shield all outdoor lights, keep your blinds drawn during the evening, and if safety is a concern, install motion detector lights and timers.
  9. Rethink fall cleanup: leaves, dead flower heads, and ornamental grasses provide critical food and shelter for birds, butterflies, bees, and other beneficial insects during the winter months.


  1. One of the easiest and most effective ways to help wildlife is to preserve the environment in which the animals live.
  2. Volunteer with organizations in your area to restore native forests, grasslands, and barren areas by planting native species, manually removing invasive plant species, and taking out old fences.
  3. Participate in or hold your own local trash clean-up to help protect the habitats of imperiled species and other wildlife.
  4. Reduce, reuse, recycle!
  5. Reduce: Manufacturing consumer products use energy and natural resources, and creates waste and pollution. When we consume less, we need fewer natural resources and produce less waste. Some waste, like plastic bags and bottles, can make its way into wildlands and oceans, with negative consequences for endangered species and other animals. Reduce or eliminate your use of single-use plastics, which are difficult to recycle and persist in the environment for decades.
  6. Reuse: Do not throw it away if it still has a use! If you have unwanted books, toys, clothes, or other items in good condition, consider giving them to charity instead of throwing them in the trash.
  7. Recycle: Avoid disposable products and products with excessive packaging or packaging that cannot easily be recycled. Find out what is recyclable in your area and recycle everyday items such as aluminum cans, glass and plastic containers, and cardboard and paper products. Dispose of electronics, batteries, and other potentially hazardous materials at municipal collection centers that will handle them properly.
  8. Save energy. Driving less, using energy-efficient vehicles and appliances, and simply turning off the lights when you leave a room to reduce energy use. Many power plants rely on coal and other fossil fuels that damage wildlife habitat when they are extracted, and pollute the environment and contribute to climate change when burned. Unplug appliances and chargers when not in use to eliminate electricity bleeding. You can also consider joining a community solar program or adding solar technology to your home or business.
  9. Respect wild animals by keeping a safe distance away, not approaching them, and not removing them from their environment. If you find young animals, particularly in the spring, do not handle them. Mothers often leave young for extended periods to forage. Although the young may appear to be abandoned, the mother will almost certainly return within 24 hours, and handling the young puts them in danger. If you encounter an injured wild animal, contact a certified animal rescuer in your area.


  1. Think before you buy: Choose products that are energy-efficient, durable, made from sustainable sources, and sustainably packaged. Avoid products that harm animals and habitats, such as gas-guzzling vehicles, disposable plastics, and plastic microbeads, paper products not made from recycled paper, products grown with pesticides, and products made with palm oil. Also, avoid products that test on animals and contain animal parts or derivatives.
  2. Never buy exotic animals, particularly those who were wild-caught, and never purchase parts and products made from wildlife, including souvenirs.
  3. Do not buy clothing or other products that use fur or feathers.
  4. Support genuine efforts that keep wildlife in the wild, such as ecotourism, photo safaris, or community-based humane education programs.
  5. Eat less meat, particularly beef. Cattle ranching destroys native vegetation, requires enormous amounts of water, damages soil, often results in lethal control of native predators, contaminates waterways, and produces methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Globally, the conversion of forest to rangeland for cattle is one of the leading causes of biodiversity loss.
  6. Learn more about where your food comes from and what food label claims such as “sustainable,” “humane,” or “all-natural” really means. If the product is rated or certified by an independent evaluator, find out what the rating/certification means and what animal and environmental advocates are saying about the certifier’s standards.


  1. Learn about the threats faced by threatened and endangered species. Teach your friends and family about endangered species and other animals that live near you.
  2. For information on species imperiled by trade, visit the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES) database at, or the more inclusive International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List at
  3. Trek/cycle around the paths, park, or other open space and learn about the threatened and endangered species and other animals who live there. Stay informed and support policies that keep these areas wild and protect native species.
  4. Teachers: Help spread awareness in your own classroom about endangered species with our educational poster. 


  1. The Endangered Species Act is an effective safety net for imperiled species extinction has been prevented for more than 98 percent of the animals under its care. Urge your elected officials to preserve the important safeguards in the Act.


  1. Support proposed federal, state, or local legislation against the use of indiscriminate and inhumane traps and snares for commercial purposes or to “manage” wildlife. Let your legislators, as well as your state wildlife agency, know that you support a prohibition on the use of cruel traps and snares in your state and across the country.
  2. If you see a non-target species (such as a dog, cat, bird, or threatened/endangered species) caught in a trap, seek veterinary care for the animal immediately. Next, document and report your findings to your local humane society and AWI. Such information will aid our efforts to pass laws that ban inhumane traps and snares.
  3. If you or someone you know hires a nuisance wildlife control business to address a wildlife conflict situation, do not allow them to use cruel traps or snares. Ask for their trapping policies in writing before you hire them.


  1. Up to 1 billion birds in the United States die each year due to collisions with buildings. Learn how to reduce bird strikes by making windows more bird-friendly.
  2. Keep your cat indoors. Cats are one of the top causes of bird deaths in the United States. A study by scientists at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute reported that between 1.4 billion and 3.7 billion birds are killed each year by cats roaming outdoors. Therefore, one of the most important things pet owners can do to reduce direct wildlife mortality is to keep their cats inside.

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