Fasting and famine are two words with different meanings. Fasting is done by our own will while the latter one is a compulsion and both of these words are related to food. Food is the basic need of all living creatures. When we talk about the food there comes farmers. Food and Farmers are inseparable with each other. Farmers are the one who grows crops, rears animals, and supplies raw materials to the industry. Without farming, we must starve. So, we have to keep cultivating and harvesting. Our farms have to remain productive and farmers should be interested in farming.
The current estimates show that nearly 8.9 per cent of the world population is hungry. Many people do not have regular access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food.
Climate change, poverty, migration, biodiversity loss, market, and trade were the reasons that resulted in hunger but now the COVID-19 pandemic is supposed to increase the number of starving people by double soon in the future.
On the one hand, we are on the way to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 where SDG-2 concerns ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture. On the other hand, this pandemic has a negative impact on all the sectors of development.
Nepal is one of the 193 UN member states that have committed to achieving 17 SDGs by 2030 and aims to end all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030. It requires strong cooperation to ensure investment in infrastructure and technology to improve agricultural productivity.
Everyone has the right to adequate food. It is realized and many strategies are built to eradicate hunger.
This year “World Food Day-2020” marks the 75th Anniversary of the founding of FAO, with the theme” Grow, Nourish, Sustain. Together. Our actions are our future“.
Food and agriculture are an essential part of fighting against diseases and pandemics. Fresh and Healthy food boosts our immune system. Good food results in good health.
Moreover, We can follow practices like rooftop farming, backyard farming to make our own food. These practices are applicable in the urban settlements that can also help in reducing food problems. We hear many people are dying because of hunger. So, remembering the importance of food, we should not waste our food. For that we can follow the zero food waste formulas like shopping with a plan, storing food properly, buying local and zero-waste cooking.
However, Deadly hunger is predictable, preventable, and treatable. Reducing food waste, donating foods, changing behaviour, urban farming, increasing wages to the labours, supplying safe food in the market, conducting awareness programs, encouraging a sustainable variety of crops can obviously reduce hunger and it will remain no longer.