Biodiversity Nepal
For the Future Generation

TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT

Technology has brought about tremendous growth and benefit to humankind, it has also become the reason behind the threat to the living.

Air Quality Monitoring station at Ratnapark. Photo: US Embassy in Kathmandu
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Technology is the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. The term “environment” etymologically means “surrounding” which is a  combination of components like light, temperature, soil, water, etc. that surround an organism and their interaction.

Technology pervades in almost all aspects of our daily life from cooking, shopping, banking, traveling to university admissions. It has improved the means of communication from handheld computers to touch phones. 

During the recent pandemic, there has been wide use of technology in the field of education and research. The relation between medicine and technology has reshaped healthcare and revolutionized this profession. Genetic engineering has become a boon in the agricultural field as it helps to increase the production rate. 

Although technology has brought about tremendous growth and benefit to humankind, it has also become the reason behind the threat to the living. One of the biggest concerns about modern technology is pollution.

It might not be relevant to say that the jet age people should go back in time to the bullock cart age as we have come so far. But it’s an imminent necessity that we have to think about the environment and mother nature. So, we should work to achieve eco-friendly technology and should promote clean energy use cultures such as electric vehicles, solar energy, and hydroelectricity. 

 Many environmental conservationists from Japan have been working to build a space solar power system by 2030 in which solar power is collected outside the earth and distributed in the earth. If this attempt would be successful, its impact on the world would be monumental.

In the Philippines, G Cash is a mobile application which has targeted to plant 365 thousand trees in the first year and believed that it will help to increase eco-friendly lifestyle among the citizens. GMAP (Geospatial Measurement of Air pollution) is the instrument used to detect the sources of risk produced by the emission of benzene and hydrocarbons. Environmental regulators use the Infrared Camera which records the e-code to measure the magnitude of images. For big picture analysis, environmental investigators turn to Geospatial technology. In this way, NEIC scientists look for the ability to get immediate information that can help to manage and measure pollution to protect the environment.

GMAP attached at the vehicle. Source: Slideshare

Several technologies have already been in use in different environmental sectors in Nepal. The Government has started the use of electric buses in the capital valley helping in curbing the pollution in sound and air. The Government has also set up machines that show the air quality of the area inside Kathmandu Valley. The use of biotechnology for the solution of the solid waste problem also sounds intriguing.

We need the Nepal government to be committed and consistent in promoting eco-friendly systems and technologies. The pace of developmental projects within the nation is rapid. So we need each developmental project to look for ways in reducing their carbon footprints.

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